Mosin Nagant Production Numbers

 

Russian and Soviet Produced Rifles

 

Rifle Or Carbine

Manufactures

Production

Years

Production

Totals

Notes

 

 

Model 1891

Infantry Rifle

 

 

Chatellerault

Tula

Izhevsk

Sestroryetsk

 

 

C: 1892-1895

T: 1892-1926

I: 1892-1926

S: 1892-1918

 

 

503,539

~ 4,388,242

~1,486,236

~621,000

The main battle rifle of the Imperial Russian Empire but a rifle that saw service in a great number of nations.  This is the most important of all the Mosin Nagant production models as it was this rifle that set the standard others would follow.  There are some gaps in known production numbers of those listed in this table are a good general standard to

use as a guide.

 

Model 1891

Dragoon Rifle

 

Tula

Izhevsk

 

1893-1932

 

~4,331,000

One of the more interesting Mosin Nagants with a number of small variations in handguards and the like. Very collectable today as it seems many were converted to M91-30 rifles by the USSR.

Model 1891

Cossack Rifle

 

Izhevsk

 

1894-1920 (1921?)

 

~1,348,000

It was thought production ended in 1917-1918 but there are known examples dated 1920 and a reported 1921.  One can assume these later dates are a smaller production and a very uncommon rifle.

 

 

Model 1891/1930 Rifle

Note - Standard Rifles Not Sniper Versions Of The Rifle

 

 

 

Tula

 

Izhevsk

 

 

 

1927-1945

 

 

 

~13,000,000 -

14,000,000

The battle rifle of the Red Army in World War Two.  A rifle that also saw wide service in other nations in the post WW2 years.  The highest production model of the Mosin Nagant and the one seen in the most numbers today. 

As one can see there is a large gap in known production totals (a million or so) This is due to poor records and conflicting information so a wider range is given.

 

Model 1938 Carbine

 

Tula

 

Izhevsk

 

Tula:

1940 and 1944

Izhevsk:

1939-1945

 

Tula: ~50,000

 

Izhevsk:

2,450,000

A carbine version of the Mosin Nagant seeing issue in World War Two and the postwar years.  Tula production began in 1940 with low numbers.  Production halted at Tula until 1944.

 

 

Model 1944 Carbine

 

Tula

 

Izhevsk

 

Tula: 1944

 

Izhevsk: 1943-1948

Tula:

~100,000

Izhevsk:

1943: 50,000    

1944: 3,620,000

1945: 3,422,245

1946: 189,027   

1947: 120,061   

1948: 160,498   

One of the most collected of all the Mosin Nagants.  These carbines had an added bayonet to fit into Soviet doctrine in regards to troop tactics.  These carbines were also produced in Poland, Hungary, and Romania.  The M44 saw wide use in the Warsaw Pact nations post WW2.

Model 1907 Carbine

Izhevsk

1907-1917

~44,00

First Pattern

~300,000

Second Pattern

One of the most rare Mosin Nagants the collector will encounter.  There were two versions of these made but it is rare to encounter either today.

 

Finnish Produced Rifles

 

Rifle-Carbine
Barrel Manufacturer
Production Years
Production Totals
Notes

 

Model 1891 SAT

Suomen Ampumataruikehdas

Marked SAT Riihimaki

 

1922-1924

 

150-200

One of the most rare of the Finnish Mosin Nagants, the so called SAT M91's were the first Finn attempt at creating new barrels for the M91 rifle.  Very few of these rifles are in known collections today.

 

 

Model 1924

Schweizerische Industrie-Gesellschaft of Neuhausen am Rheinfalls or SIG

Venus Waffenfabrik (Germany)

Oscar Will / Venuswaffenwerk (Germany)

Wilhelm Foss (Germany)

 

1924-1928

It is possible that some prototypes were made in 1923 but it is not 100% clear if this took place or not.  1924 is the first year of full production.

 

~ 27,000

With only 5,000 of the total being SIG made barrels.

 

There were 3,000 barrels that are unstepped while the rest are the heavier stepped versions.  The unstepped barrels can be Swiss or German.  The M24 is one of the more interesting Mosin Nagant since this is the first Civil Guard production rifle.  They were made in low numbers and are nice collector's items.  A carbine version of the M24 was also made but in very low numbers.  There are no known totals for M24 carbine production.

 

 

Model 1891

Early Tikka

 

 

Tikka

 

 

1925-1927

 

 

~10,000

The first rifles made in 1925 and 1926 will be dated under the barrel while mid production 1926 and all 1927 barrels will have the date marking on the top of the barrel shank. It is not uncommon to see these early rifles with added Civil Guard district numbers.  The rifles were assembled at Arms Depot 1. There were 3,000 barrels produced that were a stepped version such as seen with the M24.

 

 

Model 1891 P-Series

 

 

Older Russian barrels relined by Arms Depot Number 1 (AV1)

 

 

 

1925-1927

 

 

 

13,450

Production of the barrels was halted in 1927-28 as a committee deemed the barrels substandard.  It was later found this was not the case and the rifle barrels were refitted in the time frame of the Winter War.  By May of 1940 over 8,000 of these older “rejected” barrels were

fitted to rifles. 

There was also testing of this relining method on dragoon barrels as 1,490 were made in 1926.  These dragoon rifles are very rare collector’s items.

Model 1891

Tikka (1940's)

 

Tikka

 

1940-1944

 

~45,000

M91 production began in 1940 to assist in the need for rifles. The rifles were assembled at AV 1 and AV3. A segment of these barrels were cutdown postwar being made into M39 rifles.  

Model 1891

VKT

 

&

 

Model 1891

B Barrel

 

 

VKT

 

 

Belgium Barrel Blanks

 

VKT:

1940-1942

 

B:

Postwar exact years unknown

 

VKT:

~32,000

B:

13,000 barrel blanks were provided by Belgium and made into rifles postwar.  Many of these M91 barrel blanks were made into M39's so the total number of M91 B barrels

~4,000-5,000

 

 

VKT also began production of barrels in 1940 with the rifles assembled at AV1 or AV3.  The B barrels were blanks supplied by Belgium that were worked by VKT in to the finished barrel.  All B M91's were assembled post war and are a rather uncommon version of the M91 rifle since most of the barrel blanks were made

into M39 rifles.  In the postwar years M91 VKT barrels were also cutdown and made into M39 barrels, so the end totals of the M91 barrels is lower than the 32,000 listed.

 

Model 1927 Rifle

Tikka

 

VKT

Tikka

1927-1940

 

VKT

1932 and 1935

Tikka

~69,000

VKT

1932: 2150

1935:  ~400

What was to be the standard battle rifle of the Finnish Army.  A very interesting rifle with a

number of sub-variations.

In a 1951 inventory there were 26,700 M27's in Finnish stocks*

 *Sotilaskasiaseet Suomessa

1918-1991

 

Model 1927 Carbine

 

Tikka

 

VKT

Tikka:

1933-1934

VKT: 1937 but reusing older barrels not creating new barrels

 

Tikka:

~2000

 

VKT: Less than 225

A very rare version of the Mosin Nagant with only 250-300 in the world today. These were issued to soldiers in the elite Cavarly Brigade, some of the best soldiers in Finland.

 

 

Model 1928

Tikka

 

 

SIG

 

 

SAKO

 

 

 

1928-1932

 

SIG:

22,100

Tikka:

~11,500

SAKO:

~1,400

Total Production:

~35,000

 

Three plants produced barrels for the M28 but the rifles were assembled at SAKO.  SAKO began barrel production quite late so there were many fewer SAKO barrels made compared to SIG or Tikka.

In a 1951 inventory only 16,700 M28 rifles were in Finnish depots*

*Sotilaskasiaseet Suomessa

1918-1991

 

 

Model 1928/1930

 

 

 

SAKO

 

 

 

1933-1940

 

 

 

~40,000

One of the best rifles the Finnish produced these rifles saw hard issue and service life.  There was also a sniper version of the M28/30 but only 11 were produced.  There is also a later date version of these put together from older parts.  These will be dated 1968-1970.  They are quite uncommon to locate as the totals were low.

In 1951 the Finns held 22,000 of these rifles in their depots.*

*Sotilaskasiaseet Suomessa

1918-1991

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Model 1939

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAKO

VKT


B

Tikka

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940-1945

Postwar work done in the 1960's

early 1970's

SAKO:

60,000 For

Army Contract

10,500 For

SKY Contract

VKT:

~30,300

Note - Some VKT M39's were  done postwar by making use of VKT M91 barrels so the end total of M39's is higher.  The number above is from the first production.

B:

Production totals are not known as these rifles were made from cutting down M91 blanks from Belgium.  It is not clear how many of these M91 barrels were cutdown to M39 specs.

A safe bet would be

to place these in the

8,000+ range.

Tikka:

5,000 done postwar from Tikka M91 barrels.

Other Postwar Versions:

This to include the no maker no date version, the 48 stamped version, as well as the 1967-1970 1973 version. These are rifles made from unfinished or unused parts of earlier production rifles.

All later versions:

~3,000-3,500 total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The M39 is one of the most commonly seen Finnish Mosin Nagants in collections.  They are accurate, well made, and interesting rifles. SAKO produced rifles from 1940-1945 with the SKY contract starting in 1942 and ending in 1944.  VKT barrel production was from 1940 to 1944.  VKT barrels were fitted to recievers at AV3.

In 1951 there were 78,000 M39 rifles in Finnish depots.*

*Sotilaskasiaseet Suomessa

1918-1991

 

Model 1891/1930

 

 

Tikka

 

1943-1944

Post war as well

 

1943: 5,000

1944: 9,000+

Note - this is barrel production only

not finished rifles

 

The rifles were assembled at Arms Depot Number 3 with most of the rifles being built in the 1950's.  At the war's end in 1944 the Finns had assembled only 5,000 rifles.